Typical Acne Treatments

Acne is treated in several ways depending on severity. Mild to moderate cases of acne can be treated with home made remedies and over the counter lotions and creams. Moderate to severe cases are usually treated with prescription medications. The treatments target the issues associated with acne such as overproduction of sebum, bacteria, follicle dilation.

Prescription treatments contain active ingredients, normally in appreciable concentrations that can cause adverse reactions. Although some of these may be obtainable without prescriptions online it is advisable to use them under direction from qualified physicians. Prescription treatments can be taken in a variety of ways; orally, as injectibles or applied topically. Topical treatments are usually in the form of creams, lotions and gels.

A treatment normally prescribed for inflammatory acne such as cysts and nodules are intralesional corticosteroid injections. In this case a dilute solution of cortisone is injected directly into the lesion. This is used for inflammatory acne such as nodules and cysts. It helps to reduce inflammation and prevent to scarring. Contraindications for this injection include tissue atrophy and concurrent sepsis.

Antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe acne. They fight inflammation by inhibiting bacterial growth or killing the bacteria. Among these are erythromycin, tetracycline and its derivatives such as doxycycline. These are taken orally as the sole medication or in conjunction with creams or lotions.

The creams and lotions prescribed for acne treatment are in two categories. They either have antimicrobial properties or take part in epithelial cell growth. Topical antimicrobials work in a similar way to the antibiotics except that they are applied directly on the skin. In fact some topical antimicrobial based creams have antibiotics as their active ingredients. Examples of topical microbials are azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin and erythromycin.

Retinoids take part in epithelial cell growth. These chemicals are chemically related to vitamin A. Examples of retinoids are isotretinoin, tretinoin, tazarotene, adapalene. Isotretinoin can be taken orally as a drug. It is used to treat severe cases of acne particularly when other treatments fail. It has been found to cause birth defects when used by pregnant women in addition to other side effects. The drug reduces the production of sebum but its mode of operation is not known. Most retinoids used in the treatment of acne are applied topically. In addition to its use orally isotretinoin is an active ingredient in creams at 5% concentration. Other topical retinoids are tretinoin, tazarotene, adapalene.

Over the counter treatments are normally in the form of creams, lotions, gels and liquids that contain some active ingredients. These active ingredients are normally in low concentrations thereby limiting the risk of adverse side effects. Benzoyl oxide based creams are widely used for treatment. Some lotions contain alcohol and acetone. Alcohol has antimicrobial properties while acetone reduces the oiliness of the skin. A common active ingredient is resorcinol which is known to have antiseptic and disinfectant properties. One of the organically derived active ingredient in creams is salicyclic acid. It has antimicrobial properties, causes the shedding of skin and acts as an astringent. Sulphur an essential constituent of living cells which acts as an antibacterial agent is also a common constituent of anti-acne lotions.

Isotretinoin and Inflammatory Diseases

Isotretinoin is the chemical name of the compound that is used in many acne medications on the market today. The compound is a retinoid, which means that its structure is similar to that of Vitamin A and therefore has many properties characteristic of Vitamin A. Specifically, it reduces the production of skin oils that can lead to acne. By lowering their production, isotretinoin can also help to reduce the incidence of acne. It has since been marketed in the U.S. and abroad as an effective acne medication that helps to clear the skin.

Potential Side Effects

While isotretinoin is advertised mainly as an acne drug, it may also have other unintended effects. Since its development and release in the 1980s, many people who have taken forms of isotretinoin have reported some serious side effects, namely, long-lasting inflammatory diseases. Some of the potential side effects of the drug include:

  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Birth Defects
  • Depression

While some patients report only short-lived effects after taking the drug, for others the unintended ailments are long-lasting or even permanent. Inflammatory diseases are extremely painful and can have a severe effect on a person’s sense of well being and quality of life. If you or someone you know has taken isotretinoin and has experienced any of the above illnesses, you or your loved one may be suffering from a side effect of the drug. It is important to report your symptoms to your physician as soon as possible to determine the best course for treatment and to minimize long-term damage.

For More Information

To learn more about isotretinoin related ailments and your legal rights and options, visit the website of the prescription side effects lawyers of Williams Kherkher today.

How to Get Rid of Acne Fast – 3 Step Guide

Everyone knows acne can be a pain, and acne affects everyone differently. Some people don’t mind it and brush it off, while with others a slight blemish can cause extreme discomfort. This article is meant to be a relatively fast and efficient way to treat acne with minimal to no side effects. If you are someone who wants to take your time when dealing with acne, this might not be the best advice. But I’m sure most people here are looking for something that works, is timely and affordable, which this is! The reasoning behind this article is, not everyone can afford to wait for the lengthy trial and error time Doctors take in finding a treatment. Another issue is waiting times for specialists can take forever, if there’s an important or even life changing job interview, audition, sport tryout, which requires one to look 100%, within a few weeks, there needs to be a fast solution…and there is!

The following is a 3-step guide, that if followed correctly, has a success rate of 80-90%. In addition for all but the most severe cases of acne, this should take between 2 weeks-5 months max. to completely clear your acne.

1) First step is a good facewash/cleanser and a moisturizer. Mandelic acid and salicylic acid are known to be the most affective cleansers available. Mandelic acid is unique because it’s the key ingredient in all sorts of products, including moisturizers, however salicylic acid is present for the most part in cleansers only. Using a mandelic acid cleanser and moisturizer is recommended in this article due to its outstanding results, and fast treatment of all skin types affected with acne. Mandelic Acid products treat acne effectively, because it’s antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and lipid permeable, and as a bonus, it has anti-aging and wrinkle healing properties too. Salicylic acid on the other hand, works by loosening the plug which forms in the pore, by softening the keratin. Keratin and sebum are both responsible for clogging the pore. Mandelic acid is often purchased online through reputable suppliers, whereas salicylic acid can be purchased over-the-counter in most stores. Contrary to popular believe, you do not need to wash your face anymore than once per day with a cleanser. Many people feel the need to scrub hard as if they’re trying to clean “dirt” off their skin; dirt does not cause acne.

Give the cleanser and moisturizer a go for 2-3 weeks, if it doesn’t work or clear up your skin, then take a trip to the doctor’s office, and proceed to step 2

2) Inquire about an antibiotic prescription called bactrim. The next step is to combine your cleanser & moisturizer with bactrim, this will give the best results. However, other antibiotics such as tetracycline will be sufficient. Remember don’t stop using the cleanser and moisturizer at this point, even if you’re not getting the results you want. Now don’t demand bactrim from your doctor, but simply suggest it to him, and yes your doctor will most often acknowledge your suggestion if you’re confident and knowledgeable. Stress that you’re looking for a quick solution. Bactrim is a great antibiotic and clears up most people’s Acne in a couple of weeks. Most bactrim doses last for 1-2months. For most people, your journey will end after step 2, and you will see fantastic results. Now if you’re a special individual and bactrim combined with cleansing and moisturizing does not work for you, then go back to your doctor and it’s up to his wonderful judgment to do some more trial and error. If after failed attempts by your doctor to solve your acne he may already recommend step 3 or you will have to take the initiative for step 3. Now I must stress that step 3 is a last resort for moderate to severe acne. It’s if the above does not work and if other medications do not work. Another exception is if you have mild acne that’s been recurring for a long period of time and scarring is starting to take place, you should also consider step 3.

3) If the above doesn’t work, take another trip to your doctor. You will again suggest a drug called Isotretinoin. I recommend doing a bit of research before actually starting this step, because there is a lot of controversy surrounding Isotretinoin; some is true, some is not. You will still be using your cleanser and moisturizer of course for this step too. Isotretinoin will clear your acne; it is one of the few acne treatments that is virtually guaranteed to work. Your doctor may not be willing to prescribe you Isotretinoin and may refer you to a specialist called a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of skin. Again you are going to suggest Isotretinoin to him. If all goes well then you will be prescribed a dosage based on your body weight, and for a period of 5 months. Your acne should be cleared after 3-4 months into Isotretinoin.

Isotretinoin will dry out your skin because it works by supplying your body with high amounts of Vitamin A, and that causes your Sebaceous Glands to shrink, which therefore solves the problem of acne.

There are also a few things you can do in conjunction with these above steps in order to reduce acne and speed the clearing process.

– Keeping your long hair off your face
– Drink plenty of water. Water will not directly treat or cure your acne, but it will help speed things up in conjunction with the above steps.
– Do not touch your face. Touching your face will spread oils and bacteria around your face, therefore spreading acne and making things worse.
– Don’t be afraid to continue lifting weights and working out while suffering from acne. Many people completely stop working out while suffering from acne because they fear sweating causes acne…wrong. You can continue working out. Wash your face with water after workouts and pat dry.
– Changing pillow cases regularly helps prevent bacteria from growing on them, and from re infecting your face

Recommended Products:

Mandelic Acid

– NuCèlle 10% Serum
– NuCèlle Mandelic Glacial Clay Deep Cleansing Masque
– Mandelic Moisture Shine-Control

Salicylic Acid

– Neutrogena Rapid Clear Foaming Scrub